Appendix and its treatment

The appendix is a small sac that hangs from the large intestine. If the appendix becomes blocked or swollen, the possibility of bacterial growth in it increases, which in turn causes appendicitis. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix.

This inflammation may be acute or chronic. If left untreated, the inflamed appendix may rupture or perforate, and internal infectious material may spread to the abdominal cavity. This condition can cause a condition called peritonitis, which is a serious inflammation of the abdomen and can be fatal if left untreated with strong antibiotics.

Appendicitis is more likely to occur in people aged 10 to 30 years. But it can occur at any age. Symptoms of appendicitis include abdominal pain that usually starts in the area around the navel and spreads to the lower right abdomen, loss of appetite, low-grade fever, nausea and in some cases vomiting, as well as diarrhea or constipation.

Appendectomy is performed under general anesthesia, in which case “laparoscopic surgery” or “open” surgery can be used.

Open appendectomy

This surgery is prescribed for the patient in the following conditions:

When the appendix is torn and has formed a mass, which is called an appendix mass.

When the surgeon does not have enough experience to use a laparoscope to remove the appendix.

When the person has previously used open surgery on the abdomen.

In these cases, surgery involves making a larger incision in the lower right side of the patient’s abdomen to remove the appendix.

Laparoscopic appendectomy

In laparoscopic appendectomy, the surgeon examines the appendix through several small incisions made in the abdomen. A small, narrow tube called a cannula is then inserted into your abdominal cavity through these incisions. Canola is used to inflate your abdomen with carbon dioxide

This gas allows the surgeon to see the appendix more clearly, and the laparoscope is inserted through small incisions in the abdomen. When the doctor finds the appendix in the picture, he sutures the end and removes it.

Laparoscopy is a priority for appendectomy because it has advantages such as reduced risk of postoperative intestinal adhesions, reduced risk of infection, shorter recovery, less pain, shorter hospital stay (minimum length of hospital stay 10 The time is less in laparoscopic appendectomy).

But the duration of surgery was not significantly different between the two groups.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *